The Adverse Effects of Orthodontic Treatment

Orthodontic treatment is associated with a range of adverse effects, such as root resorption, pain, pulp changes, periodontal disease, and temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD). Orthodontists should be aware of these effects and the associated risk factors. When you first start wearing orthodontic appliances, your mouth may not be used to the wires and supports and it can take a while for your lips to adjust. During this time, it's very likely that you'll feel some irritation.

Fortunately, there are products available to reduce this discomfort, with orthodontic wax being the most popular. If there is a sharp wire that punctures you or causes your mouth to bleed, talk to your orthodontist about it as soon as possible. Jaw pain is another possible side effect of orthodontic appliances, especially if the treatment requires realignment of the jaw. Over-the-counter pain relievers can help control this pain, depending on how severe it is. Mild discomfort is normal and expected after orthodontic treatment as braces work to align the teeth correctly and this causes pain in the mouth and sometimes headaches.

Over-the-counter pain relievers may be helpful in relieving tension. A careful examination of the level of the adhered gum is necessary before comprehensive orthodontic treatment. Orthodontic retreatment in these cases should be performed with caution and the objectives of treatment should be limited. Genetic predisposition makes root resorption associated with orthodontic treatment more predictable (Abass and Hartsfield, 200). However, the type of orthodontic treatment you choose can also be a determining factor in how quickly you get results. If you still have questions about the effects of braces, contact Damon Orthodontics for a free consultation.

The best approach to root resorption is to consider risk factors, analyze the factors identified with the patient seeking orthodontic treatment, and include these factors in the treatment consent form. If there is an inadequate level of adhered gums before orthodontic treatment, a periodontal consultation should be performed, especially if lip movement of the teeth is expected (Wennstorm, 1990, 199). Gluck and the professionals at Gluck Orthodontics will be the ones who will help you in this process so that it develops smoothly and in a way that is comfortable for you. Therefore, the orthodontist must use optimal light forces during treatment (Yamaguchi and Kasai, 200). The periodontal reaction to orthodontic appliances depends on multiple factors, such as host resistance, the presence of systemic conditions, and the amount and composition of dental plaque.

It is recommended to evaluate the condition by X-ray progress 6 to 12 months after the start of orthodontic treatment. Therefore, fixed orthodontic treatment can cause localized gingivitis, which rarely progresses to periodontitis (Van Gastel et al.). In addition, tooth extraction for the purpose of orthodontic treatment does not increase the risk of developing signs and symptoms of TMD (Sadowsky et al.).

María Victoria
María Victoria

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