Orthodontic treatment is a type of dental care that focuses on correcting misaligned teeth and jaws. It is typically done with braces, Invisalign, or other orthodontic appliances. Orthodontists, who are specialized dentists, use these appliances to gradually move teeth into the desired positions. The process can take anywhere from one to two years, depending on the severity of the misalignment and the patient's compliance with instructions.
Braces are the most common type of orthodontic appliance. They are made up of brackets, bands, and wires that are attached to the teeth with adhesive. Orthodontists use a machine called iTero to scan the patient's teeth and create a customized treatment plan. During regular appointments, they will adjust the braces to apply the necessary force to move the teeth in the desired direction.
Invisalign is another popular orthodontic appliance. It consists of a series of clear plastic trays that fit over the teeth and gradually move them into position. This type of treatment usually requires fewer appointments than braces because the trays are customized to fit the patient's jaw. In some cases, orthodontists may also use a device called an orthodontic harness.
This is a headgear that is attached to orthodontic appliances to help alter the alignment of the jaw. It works by exerting tension on the appliances through hooks, facial arches, coils, elastic bands, and metal bands. In addition to braces and Invisalign, orthodontists may also use other devices such as spacers and interdental brushes. Spacers are placed between molars to create space for molar bands as part of the orthodontic appliance.
Interdental brushes are small brushes used to clean between teeth and between teeth and braces.